Texas Masons hold first meeting
On this day in 1835, Holland Lodge No. 36, the first Masonic lodge in Texas, met at Brazoria. In the spring of 1835 Anson Jones and five others, fearing Mexican reprisals, met secretly under the Masonic Oak near Brazoria and petitioned the Grand Lodge of Louisiana for a charter. The grand master of that state, John Henry Holland, issued the dispensation, and the lodge met for the first time on December 27, with Jones presiding as worshipful master. The actual charter seems to have been issued on January 27, 1836. The Holland Lodge struggled for several months until overwhelmed during the Texas Revolution by the Mexican army of Gen. José de Urrea, which destroyed all the lodge's records and equipment. Afterward, because the members were scattered, the brethren decided not to reopen the lodge at Brazoria. Instead, they opened it at Houston in October 1837. Jones called the convention that organized the Grand Lodge of Texas on December 20, 1837, and was elected first grand master.