Farmer sows tent colony
On this day in 1906, William Carlton Farmer established the San Antonio Tent Colony, an open-air colony for the treatment of tuberculosis. Farmer, born in 1866, moved to Texas as a child. After studying medicine in Louisville, Kentucky, he worked in Bowling Green, Kentucky, and Paris, Texas, and established a reputation as a tuberculosis specialist. In 1905 he moved to San Antonio, where he lived the rest of his life and continued his study of lung diseases. From 1931 to 1934 he was director of the National Tuberculosis Association. Farmer’s pioneering research included the use of X-rays to diagnose tuberculosis, and it is believed that his experimentation with them led to the development of the carcinoma which caused his death in 1944.