Antisocialist newspaper publisher born in Ohio
On this day in 1878, Raymond Cyrus Hoiles was born in Alliance, Ohio. As a newspaper publisher, he developed such a keen eye for socialism that he could see it in virtually every cooperative effort. He moved to California in 1935 after purchasing the Santa Ana Register, which became the flagship of his newspaper chain. By fall 1951 he owned seven papers, including the Odessa American and the Pampa News in Texas. He bought the three leading papers in the Rio Grande valley, the Brownsville Herald, the McAllen Monitor, and the Harlingen Valley Morning Star. Hoiles, called by Time magazine a "crabby, Bible-spouting zealot," criticized the "socialism" inherent in public schools, police departments, libraries, hospitals, churches, unions, the National Association of Manufacturers, integration, paper money, and majority rule. Democracy, he thought, was mob rule. Roy Hofheinz of Houston began a series of broadcasts against Hoiles, arguing that schools were no more socialistic than highways or the weather bureau. In February 1952 the two debated each other about whether public schools should be closed. Eventually Hoiles, who was losing many subscribers, softened a bit. When he died in 1970 his Freedom Newspaper chain was publishing twenty newspapers in seven or eight states with a combined circulation of about 500,000.