Principal battle of Cherokee War begins
On this day in 1839, the main engagement of the Cherokee War began. The battle was fought near the Neches River a few miles west of Tyler. T. J. Rusk, Edward Burleson, and Kelsey H. Douglass led the Texas troops against Chief Bowl's Cherokees. Also on the field were David G. Burnet, vice president of Republic of Texas, and Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, secretary of war. The Texas troops numbered 500 and the Indians 700 to 800. The Indians were routed in the two-day fight, although pursuit continued until July 24. The battle virtually ended Indian troubles in the settled part of Texas.