APION INDIANS. The Apion Indians, known only from records of San Antonio de Valero Mission in San Antonio, cannot be linked with any known group of Indians. The sounds suggest that the name may be a variant of Hape, but the Hapes are believed to have become extinct by 1689. An early place name near Laredo, La Cañada de los Abiones, suggests residence in Coahuiltecan Indian territory. The records of Mission Valero also contain a reference to Capellone Indians, who may be the same, but nothing is known about the Capellones either.
Bexar Archives, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "APION INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bma38), accessed May 18, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.