CANAQ INDIANS. These Indians are known only from a Spanish document of 1693 which lists them as one of fifty "nations" that lived north of the Rio Grande and "between Texas and New Mexico." This may be interpreted to mean the southern part of western Texas, since the document also mentions that the Apaches were at war with the groups named. Nothing further is known about the Canaqs. The name is similar to that of the Cana, who apparently lived in southern Texas, but no connection between the two can be established.
Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "CANAQ INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc21), accessed January 31, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.