CONCHAMUCHA INDIANS. In 1683–84 Juan Domínguez de Mendoza led an exploratory expedition from El Paso as far eastward as the junction of the Concho and Colorado rivers east of the site of present San Angelo. In his itinerary he listed the names of thirty-seven Indian groups, including the Conchamuchas, from whom he expected to receive delegations. Nothing further is known about the Conchamuchas, whose name is Spanish for "much shell" and suggests that they lived near the Concho River, so named because of its abundant freshwater mussel shells. The Conchamuchas seem to have been one of many Indian groups of north central Texas that were swept into oblivion by the southward thrust of the Lipan Apache and Comanche Indians in the eighteenth century.
Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "CONCHAMUCHA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmc79), accessed April 20, 2014. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.