CHUAPA INDIANS. It is not certain that Chuapa is an actual Indian group name. H. E. Bolton indicated that he had seen the name Chuapa in the registers of San Antonio de Valero of San Antonio Mission, but no one else has been able to find it in these registers. As Bolton did not cite a register entry number or a date, it is not possible to determine if he may have misread a personal or an ethnic name. No recognizable variant of the name Chuapa has been found in Spanish documents of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. J. R. Swanton listed Bolton's Chuapa among the Indian groups he thought might have spoken the Coahuilteco language, but this cannot be given serious consideration until the name Chuapa has been verified. F. H. Ruecking, Jr., mistakenly equated Chuapa with the name Chinipa, which refers to an Opata Indian village on the Río Sonora of northwestern Mexico, some 750 miles west of San Antonio.
Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). F. H. Ruecking, Jr., The Coahuiltecan Indians of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1955). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "CHUAPA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmcaf), accessed December 11, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.