ESPOPOLAME INDIANS. The Espopolame (Isopopolame) Indians, who presumably spoke a Coahuiltecan language, lived in northeastern Coahuila during the latter part of the seventeenth century. Apparently they were never seen in Texas. However, documents of Coahuila indicate that the Espopolames were closely associated with the Pinanaca Indians, who in 1675 were encountered by the Bosque-Larios expedition north of the Rio Grande near future Eagle Pass.
Vito Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas en la época colonial (Mexico City: Editorial Cultura, 1938; 2d ed., Mexico City: Editorial Porrúa, 1978). Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "ESPOPOLAME INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bme08), accessed May 18, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.