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KIRONONA INDIANS

KIRONONA INDIANS. The Kironona (Kiranona, Kikanona, Kirona, Kironuona) Indians are known from one document (Douay narrative) of the La Salle expedition, which indicates that in the late seventeenth century these Indians lived inland well to the north or northeast of Matagorda Bay, probably near the Brazos River. They were not mentioned by Henri Joutel (same expedition), as has sometimes been stated, and it is impossible to identify Douay's Kironona with any one of the Indian groups named by Joutel. A. S. Gatschet was firmly convinced that Kironona was another form of the name Karankawa. The Kironona area indicated by Douay, however, was rather far inland from the Karankawas. Furthermore, the Kirononas were described as meeting La Salle's party with ears of corn in their hands, which seems to indicate that they were an agricultural people. This does not agree with what is known about the culture of the specific tribe later known as Karankawas. The affiliations of the Kirononas have yet to be determined.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Albert S. Gatschet, The Karankawa Indians, the Coast People of Texas (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, 1891). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John Gilmary Shea, Discovery and Exploration of the Mississippi Valley (New York: Redfield, 1852).

Thomas N. Campbell

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "KIRONONA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmk12), accessed November 28, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.