LACANE INDIANS. The Lacane (Lacame) Indians were a Caddoan people encountered by the Moscoso expedition in 1542 somewhere in northeastern Texas or in the adjoining parts of Arkansas and Louisiana. They may be the same as the Hacanac Indians, also mentioned in the records of the same expedition. J. R. Swanton believed that Lacane was an early name of the people later known as the Nacaniches. On the basis of sound correspondences in the names, Swanton has suggested that Hacanac, Lacane, Nacachau, Nacao, Nacaniche, Nacono, and Nakanawan Indians were probably fragments of the same Caddoan tribe. This cannot be verified by such documentary evidence as is now available.
John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "LACANE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bml01), accessed December 22, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.