MANAM INDIANS. The Manam (Manan) Indians are known from a single Spanish encounter in 1690, at which time they were living along the Guadalupe River east and northeast of San Antonio. Here they were closely associated with seven other groups-Apasxam, Cava, Emet, Panasiu, Sana, Tohaha, and Tohoho. Swanton's assessment of the Manam as probably Coahuiltecan in speech is questionable, since their associates do not appear to have been Coahuiltecan. It has also been suggested by Hodge that the Manam were the same people as the Mazame, which is not acceptable because the Mazame are known only from western Coahuila and eastern Chihuahua.
Lino Gómez Canedo, ed., Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694 (Monterrey: Publicaciones del Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, 1968). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). P. Otto Maas, ed., Viajes de Misioneros Franciscanos a la conquista del Nuevo México (Seville: Imprenta de San Antonio, 1915). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "MANAM INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmm09), accessed December 10, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.