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NACOGDOCHE INDIANS

NACOGDOCHE INDIANS. The Nacogdoche (Nacadocheeto, Nacodissy, Nacodochito, Nagodoche, Nasahossoz, Naugdoche, Nocodosh) Indians, a Caddoan tribe of the Hasinai group in eastern Texas, lived in the vicinity of present Nacogdoches in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In 1716 the Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches Mission was established in the principal Nacogdoche settlement and was intermittently maintained until 1773. The tribe was greatly reduced by disease and warfare by 1800. Although many Nacogdoche Indians seem to have been absorbed by the population of the Spanish settlement established at Nacogdoches in 1779, others lost their identity among other nearby Hasinai tribes, especially the Hainai and Anadarko Indians, who moved westward to the Brazos River shortly after the Texas Revolution and were eventually taken to Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. Descendants of the Nacogdoche Indians are probably included in these Hasinai survivors, who today live in Caddo County, Oklahoma.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Missions," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 11 (April 1908). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

Thomas N. Campbell

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "NACOGDOCHE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmn10), accessed August 21, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.