OROROSO INDIANS. This name, which is Spanish for "horrible," is obviously not the name by which these Indians called themselves. The Ororosos were one of twenty Indian groups that joined Juan Domínguez de Mendoza on his expedition from El Paso to the vicinity of present San Angelo in 1683–84. As Mendoza did not indicate at what point the Ororosos joined his party, it is impossible to determine their range or affiliations. However, the Indians between the Pecos River and the San Angelo area were being hard pressed by Apache Indians at this time, and it seems likely that the Ororosos ranged between these two localities.
Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "OROROSO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmo14), accessed January 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.