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PASTALOCA INDIANS

PASTALOCA INDIANS. In the late seventeenth century the Pastaloca (Pastalac, Pastalath, Pastaloque, Pastaluc, Pastulac, and other variants) Indians were linked with a strip of territory that lies between the Nueces River and Rio Grande, an area that embraces parts of several Texas counties-Dimmit, La Salle, Maverick, Webb, and Zavala. In April 1690 they were encountered by Spaniards on the Nueces River, probably in the area of modern Dimmit or Zavala counties, encamped with eight other groups. The next year, in June 1691, they were reported at a ranchería in the area of present southern Maverick County, ten miles north of the Rio Grande, this time with five other groups. All of the Indian bands with which the Pastalocas were associated are considered Coahuiltecan-speakers, as Swanton has indicated. Afterward some of the Pastaloca Indians entered two missions in the area near modern Guerrero in northeastern Coahuila-San Bernardo, where they are known to have been between 1703 and 1727, and San Juan Bautista, from 1708 to 1738. In the 1720s a few Pastaloca Indians also entered San Antonio de Valero Mission of San Antonio. It is clear that the Pastalocas lost their identity among the mission Indian populations of Coahuila and Texas. Some confusion has developed because of the fact that, when handwritten, the variant Pastaluc can easily be misread as Pastalve, a variant of Pasalve, and vice versa. Hodge equated Pastaloca with Patacal, but this is an error.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Lino Gómez Canedo, ed., Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694 (Monterrey: Publicaciones del Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, 1968). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (4 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1931–46). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). P. Otto Maas, ed., Viajes de Misioneros Franciscanos a la conquista del Nuevo México (Seville: Imprenta de San Antonio, 1915). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940). Robert S. Weddle, San Juan Bautista: Gateway to Spanish Texas (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PASTALOCA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp39), accessed December 18, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.