PETAO INDIANS. The Petao Indians are known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which indicate that in the late seventeenth century these Indians lived well to the north or northeast of Matagorda Bay, possibly between the Brazos and Trinity rivers. The Petaos have been erroneously equated with the Petaro and Petzare Indians, whose names also occur on the same list of Indian groups. The affiliations of all three groups remain unknown.
Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "PETAO INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp62), accessed November 27, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.