PIEDRAS BLANCAS INDIANS
PIEDRAS BLANCAS INDIANS. The Spanish name Piedras Blancas (white stones) appears in only one primary document, the diary of Gregorio de Salinas Varona, who led an expedition from Coahuila into eastern Texas in 1693. The Piedras Blancas Indians, in association with Cacaxtle and Ocana Indians, were encountered a few miles south of the Rio Grande in northeastern Coahuila, apparently in the vicinity of modern Guerrero. It is possible that the Piedras Blancas are referred to by a native name in other documents, but no document has yet been found that links the Spanish name with a native name. As the Cacaxtle and Ocana are known to have ranged over the adjacent part of present-day Texas, it is reasonable to include the Piedras Blancas on a list of Texas Indian groups. They were seen in an area where many Indian groups are known to have spoken Coahuilteco, but this does not prove that they spoke a dialect of that language.
T. N. Campbell, "The Cacaxtle Indians of Northeastern Mexico and Southern Texas," La Tierra: Quarterly Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association 11 (1984). Lino Gómez Canedo, ed., Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694 (Monterrey: Publicaciones del Instituto Technológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, 1968). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "PIEDRAS BLANCAS INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp67), accessed May 24, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.