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PITA INDIANS

PITA INDIANS. This presumably Coahuiltecan group is poorly documented and is known only from mission records of northeastern Mexico and Texas. Some Pita Indians took up residence at Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de la Punta Mission, near modern Lampazos in northern Nuevo León, where they were reported in 1727. The Pitas were also represented at San Antonio de Valero Mission at present San Antonio, established in 1718, as well as at San Juan Bautista Mission near the site of present-day Guerrero in northeastern Coahuila, where a few Pitas were recorded as late as 1783. It seems likely that the Pita Indians were the same people as the Pitalac Indians, who originally lived along the Rio Grande in the area of modern Laredo, Texas.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940). Robert S. Weddle, San Juan Bautista: Gateway to Spanish Texas (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968).

Thomas N. Campbell

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PITA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmp75), accessed August 29, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.