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PITALAC INDIANS. The Pitalac (Pitala, Pitalaque, Pittal) Indians do not appear in documents until 1708, at which time, under the name "Pittales," they were said to be living on the Rio Grande east of Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de la Punta Mission, which was near modern Lampazos in northern Nuevo León. This would place the Pitalac Indians on the Rio Grande in the general vicinity of Laredo, possibly upstream from this city rather than downstream. Thereafter the Pitalacs are known only in connection with the eighteenth century missions of San Antonio. The record is none too clear as to which of these missions they occupied. Some seem to have been at Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña and possibly also at San Francisco de la Espada. According to Castañeda, they were also known as the Alobja Indians. The Pitalacs may have been the same people as the Pita Indians.


Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Marion A. Habig, The Alamo Chain of Missions (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1968; rev. ed. 1976). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). P. Otto Maas, ed., Viajes de Misioneros Franciscanos a la conquista del Nuevo México (Seville: Imprenta de San Antonio, 1915).

Thomas N. Campbell


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "PITALAC INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed January 29, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.