QUAPAW INDIANS. The Quapaw Indians, a southwestern Siouian group, originally settled in the area of present Arkansas, but in 1828 about 150 families were reported on a tributary of the Red River in Texas. The Quapaws were signers of the treaty of February 23, 1836, at the conference at the Cherokee village of Chief Bowl, and of the treaty of December 10, 1850, with the United States made near the San Saba.
Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.W. E. S. Dickerson, "QUAPAW INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmq02), accessed December 04, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.