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SERECOUTCHA INDIANS

SERECOUTCHA INDIANS. The Serecoutcha (Fercontecha, Fercouteha, Tsepechoen frercutea) Indians are known only from records of the La Salle expedition, which indicate that in the late seventeenth century these Indians lived inland well to the north or northeast of Matagorda Bay, probably between the Brazos and Trinity rivers. In some Spanish sources the names of two separate groups were combined to form Tsepechoen frercutea. In the French sources Tsepehoen and Fercouteha are separated by a comma. The Serecoutchas have been equated with the Semonans, but no evidence can be found to support this identification. The linguistic and cultural affiliations of the Serecoutcha Indians remain undetermined.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Isaac Joslin Cox, ed., The Journeys of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (2 vols., New York: Barnes, 1905; 2d ed., New York: Allerton, 1922). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Henri Joutel, Joutel's Journal of La Salle's Last Voyage (London: Lintot, 1714; rpt., New York: Franklin, 1968). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86).

Thomas N. Campbell

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "SERECOUTCHA INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bms24), accessed August 27, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.