SUAHUACHE INDIANS. These apparently Coahuiltecan Indians are known from one brief encounter with Spaniards in 1693, at which time it was said that they lived in northeastern Coahuila. It seems likely that the Suahuaches were one of the numerous Coahuiltecan bands that ranged from northeastern Coahuila across the Rio Grande into the adjoining part of Texas. They may be the same as the Suajo Indians, one of twenty Indian groups that joined Juan Domínguez de Mendoza on his journey from El Paso to the vicinity of present San Angelo in 1683–84. This identification is suggested by Mendoza's statement that "some nations departed toward their land with the Indian who governed them, who is a Christian and is proficient in the Mexican language and in Castilian."
Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). J. R. Swanton, Linguistic Material from the Tribes of Southern Texas and Northeastern Mexico (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1940).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Thomas N. Campbell, "SUAHUACHE INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bms41), accessed September 20, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.