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TEJON INDIANS

TEJÓN INDIANS. The Tejón (Texón) Indians, a Coahuiltecan band (whose name is Spanish for "badger"), lived along the south bank of the Rio Grande in the vicinity of Reynosa, Tamaulipas, when it was founded in the middle of the eighteenth century. It seems reasonable to conclude that the Tejóns ranged along both sides of the river (a former railroad stop near Brownsville was known as Tejón). After Reynosa was settled, some Tejóns moved to the Río San Juan about twenty-five miles from Camargo, where they remained until after 1800. Along with other Coahuiltecan bands on the lower Rio Grande, the Tejóns were sometimes referred to as Carrizos. In 1886 a group of Carrizos, apparently including a few Tejóns, was living near Charco Escondido about twenty miles south of Reynosa, and as late as 1907 some Tejóns still lived near Reynosa at a community known as Las Prietas.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Enrique A. Cervantes, Documentos relativos a la Villa de los Cinco Señores, capital del Nuevo Santander, hoy Jiménez, Tamaulipas (Mexico City, 1947). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Alejandro Prieto, Historia, geografía y estadística del estado de Tamaulipas (Mexico City: Tip. Escalerillas, 1873; rpt., Mexico City: M. Porrúa, 1975). Gabriel Saldivar, Los Indios de Tamaulipas (Mexico City: Pan American Institute of Geography and History, 1943). Rudolph C. Troike, "Notes on Coahuiltecan Ethnography," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 32 (1962).

Thomas N. Campbell

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas N. Campbell, "TEJON INDIANS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/bmt31), accessed August 01, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.