HOUSTON CIVILIAN. The Houston Civilian was published between May 8 and September 1838, by Hamilton Stuart, with the assistance of Dr. Levi Jones and Dr. Robert A. Irion. The name of the journal was a "mild protest" against the too frequent use of military titles by nonmilitary men. The paper supported policies of Sam Houston and advocated Peter W. Grayson as his successor as governor. In September 1838 Stuart moved to Galveston and began publication there of the Civilian and Galveston Gazette, better known as the Galveston Civilian.
Joe B. Frantz, Newspapers of the Republic of Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940). Marilyn M. Sibley, Lone Stars and State Gazettes: Texas Newspapers before the Civil War (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1983). Ben C. Stuart, "Hamilton Stuart: Pioneer Editor," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 21 (April 1918). WPA Historical Records Survey Program, Texas Newspapers (Houston: San Jacinto Museum of History Association, 1941).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article."HOUSTON CIVILIAN," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/eehjr), accessed December 22, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.