AMANGUAL, FRANCISCO (c. 1739–1812). Francisco Amangual, soldier, was born on Majorca about 1739. He entered the Spanish army in 1762 and served two years in the Batavian Regiment of Dragoons and fourteen years in the Spanish Regiment of Dragoons. After distinguishing himself in a cavalry company in the Sonora expedition of 1767–71, he was stationed at San Antonio de Béxar Presidio, Texas, where he became paymaster in 1784. In 1797 he commanded an unsuccessful pursuit of Comanche Indians who had raided the cattle ranch at Nuestra Señora del Refugio Mission. Later he was elected alferez of his company at La Bahía. He was ordered to guard the coast against invasion at the time of the Philip Nolan expedition of 1800 and escorted Nolan's captured companions to Saltillo. In 1804–05 Amangual captained the Company of San Carlos de Parras at La Bahía. He had charge of the finances of the military hospital in Bexar for a brief period before his resignation in March 1808. Between March 30 and December 23, 1808, he led an expedition of 200 men from San Antonio to Santa Fe, through the Comanche country, and back by way of El Paso. After his return he retired with the rank of captain. He was married three times. He died on May 19, 1812.
Bexar Archives, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.A. P. Nasatir, "AMANGUAL, FRANCISCO," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fam01), accessed January 31, 2015. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.