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CHARLTON, NAPOLEON BONAPARTE

CHARLTON, NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1815–1896). Napoleon B. Charlton, Texas legislator, was born on May 13, 1815, in Sumner County, Tennessee, son of James and Rachel (Blackmore) Charlton. Napoleon had moved to Tyler County, Texas, before he became a Mason in 1844. He married Susan McAlister of Tyler on September 1, 1847. He married Sarah Louise Foster some years later.

N. B. Charlton's legislative career was a long one by the standards of the antebellum Texas legislature. He represented Liberty County in the First Texas Legislature. He then served continuously from the Third Texas Legislature in 1849 until 1861 representing Tyler and Jefferson counties. During the Sixth Legislature Charlton was defeated by a vote of seventy-eight to one by Hamilton P. Bee for the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives. Charlton was one of Tyler's representatives to the Texas Secession Convention of 1861 where he voted for secession.

In 1850 Charlton owned 20,000 acres in Tyler County and listed his occupation as farmer. Although he petitioned the United States Congress in 1870 for removal of his political disabilities, he does not appear to have revisited his earlier political career. Napoleon Charlton died in Tyler County on June 17, 1896.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Ralph A. Wooster, "Membership in the Early Texas Legislatures, 1850–1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 69 (October 1965). Ralph A. Wooster, "An Analysis of the Membership of the Texas Secession Convention," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (January 1959).

Jennifer Eckel

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Jennifer Eckel, "CHARLTON, NAPOLEON BONAPARTE," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fchac), accessed August 01, 2014. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.