DESAUQUE, FRANCIS L.
DESAUQUE, FRANCIS L. (?–1836). Francis L. DeSauque, Alamo defender and victim of the Goliad Massacre, traveled to Texas from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1835 and settled in Matagorda County, where he made his living as a store owner. He was a married man. He entered the service of Texas on October 10, 1835, and served in the Texas Revolution as a captain. He traveled to San Antonio de Béxar sometime before the siege of the Alamo began, probably with Capt. Philip Dimmitt. While in Bexar, DeSauque lent William B. Travis $200 for the garrison, charged against the account of the Texas government. He then left Bexar shortly before the arrival of the Mexican army and brought word of the Alamo's need for supplies to the Texan garrison at Goliad. DeSauque was returning to Bexar with Capt. John Chenoweth and the much-needed supplies when he received a letter from Col. James W. Fannin, Jr., at Goliad, describing the colonel's failed attempt to reach the Alamo and advising DeSauque and Chenoweth to return to Goliad or reach Gonzales and confer with any officers there. DeSauque returned to Goliad and rejoined Fannin's command. He was taken prisoner with this group by the Mexican army on March 20, 1836, and was killed in the Goliad executions on March 27, 1836. One week before his death, DeSauque's name began to appear on lists of Alamo casualties. His family received 1,920 acres of land for his service and death with Fannin. They later received 640 acres for his death at the Alamo. In 1853 DeSauque's wife, Ann, was killed in a railroad accident in Norwalk, Connecticut, leaving their daughter, Mary, and son-in-law, Samuel R. Keemle, as his only heirs. See also GOLIAD CAMPAIGN OF 1836.
William Fairfax Gray, From Virginia to Texas, 1835 (Houston: Fletcher Young, 1909, 1965). Bill Groneman, Alamo Defenders (Austin: Eakin, 1990). John H. Jenkins, ed., The Papers of the Texas Revolution, 1835–1836 (10 vols., Austin: Presidial Press, 1973).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Bill Groneman, "DESAUQUE, FRANCIS L.," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fde91), accessed May 18, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.