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FISHER, WILLIAM S.

FISHER, WILLIAM S. (?–1845). William S. Fisher, soldier and secretary of war of Texas, son of James and Margaret (Nimmo) Fisher, moved to Texas from Virginia in 1834 and settled in Green DeWitt's colony at Gonzales. Fisher represented the municipality of Gonzales at the Consultation at San Felipe in 1835. On March 10, 1836, he joined the Texas army and on March 26 reinforced Sam Houston's army with the company that he had raised, Company I, First Regiment of Texas Volunteers, and participated in the battle of San Jacinto. He remained in the army until June 10, 1836, and served again from June 27 to September 27, 1836. Appointed secretary of war of the Republic of Texas, he served from December 21, 1836, to November 13, 1837, but his was a recess appointment and was not confirmed when the Senate met because of the change to the Mirabeau B. Lamar administration. On January 23, 1837, Lamar appointed Fisher lieutenant colonel of a frontier cavalry regiment. On March 19, 1840, he was in command of two companies of regulars at San Antonio at the time of the Council House Fight. Later in 1840 he was attracted to the Republic of the Rio Grande and led 200 men to join the army of that organization at San Patricio. Returning to Texas after a few months of unsuccessful campaigning, he joined the Somervell expedition in 1842 and was elected captain. With Alexander Somervell's abandonment of the enterprise, Fisher was elected leader of those members of the expedition who continued on into Mexico on the Mier expedition. During the attack on Mier, Fisher was wounded. Imprisoned with his men by the Mexican general Pedro de Ampudia, Fisher was marched to Perote Prison. He was released in 1843 and returned to Texas, where he died at his home in Jackson County in 1845.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). Sam W. Haynes, Soldiers of Misfortune: The Somervell and Mier Expeditions (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990). Dudley Goodall Wooten, ed., A Comprehensive History of Texas (2 vols., Dallas: Scarff, 1898; rpt., Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1986).

David M. Vigness

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

David M. Vigness, "FISHER, WILLIAM S.," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffi24), accessed December 17, 2014. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.