FLANDERS, JOHN (1800–1836). John Flanders, Alamo defender, son of Levi and Mary (Sargent) Flanders, was born in Salisbury, Massachusetts, in 1800. He was in business with his father in Massachusetts until they argued over foreclosing on a mortgage held by a widow. Flanders left for Texas and never communicated with his family again. He settled in Gonzales and was part of the force from that town that rode to the relief of the Alamo. He entered the Alamo on March 1, 1836, with this company and died in the battle of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.
Daughters of the American Revolution, The Alamo Heroes and Their Revolutionary Ancestors (San Antonio, 1976). Bill Groneman, Alamo Defenders (Austin: Eakin, 1990). Walter Lord, A Time to Stand (New York: Harper, 1961; 2d ed., Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1978). Phil Rosenthal and Bill Groneman, Roll Call at the Alamo (Fort Collins, Colorado: Old Army, 1985).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Bill Groneman, "FLANDERS, JOHN," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffl38), accessed June 18, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.