FULCROD, PHILIP (1835–1916). Philip Fulcrod (or Fulchord), stock raiser and Confederate military officer, was born in 1835 in Mississippi. He was the youngest of three children born to Elizabeth and Mathias Fulcrod of North Carolina and Pennsylvania, respectively. By 1850 the Fulcrod family lived in Goliad County, Texas, where Mathias worked as a farmer. In 1860 Philip Fulcrod still lived with his family in Goliad County. His father continued to work as a farmer and reported $39,700 in property, including the ownership of fourteen slaves.
Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Philip Fulcrod enlisted for service in the Confederate Army on November 2, 1861. He was appointed second lieutenant and ordered to duty with Capt.E. Abat's company of light artillery (subsequently the Texas Fourteenth Artillery Battery) which was attached to the Fifth Regiment, Trans-Mississippi Volunteers. Sometime between September 1862 and August 1863, he was promoted to first lieutenant. While serving in the Texas Fourteenth Artillery, Fulcrod often carried messages on detached service by order of Maj. Gen. John Magruder. On August 13, 1863, Fulcrod was relieved from duty with the Fourteenth Artillery Battery and ordered to organize a battalion of mounted cadets.
By August 27, 1863, Fulcrod had organized a battalion of cadets and on November 16, 1863, he took command of Fulcrod's Battalion, Texas Cavalry (Cadet Corps). On April 27, 1864, Fulcrod's Battalion was consolidated with seven companies of Texas State Troops, thus forming Anderson's Regiment, Texas Cavalry. On February 27, 1865, this unit subsequently became known as Border's Regiment, Texas Cavalry, and Fulcrod was elected lieutenant colonel of the regiment. Although no capture or parole record is available, Fulcord was present with his unit on a March 1865 regimental return.
Following the war, Fulcrod returned to Goliad County where by 1870 he worked as a stock raiser for a Mary Jones. On January 25, 1882, Fulcrod married Ada Gray (last name unknown). The couple had four children. By 1900 Fulcrod and the family still lived in Goliad County, and he worked as a farmer. He died on January 21, 1916, and was buried in Goliad County's Glendale Cemetery.
Goliad County Historical Commission, The History and Heritage of Goliad County, ed. Jakie L. Pruett and Everett B. Cole (Austin: Eakin, 1983).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Matthew K. Hamilton, "FULCROD, PHILIP ," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffu33), accessed May 25, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.