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GILLESPIE, CLAYTON CRAWFORD

GILLESPIE, CLAYTON CRAWFORD (1822–1876). Clayton Crawford Gillespie, minister and Confederate officer, was born in Franklin, Georgia, on January 18, 1822, to John Patterson and Ann Henley (Garrison) Gillespie. He married Caroline Stuart on November 17, 1847. In July 1862 Gillespie volunteered for service with the Confederacy. He was elected colonel and accepted the command of the Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry Regiment at Camp Nelson near Millican in Brazos County, Texas, on November 24, 1862. On January 1, 1863, the Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry was placed in Gen. James Deshler's Brigade of Walker's Texas Division and ordered to Arkansas. On January 11, 1863, the brigade was captured intact at Arkansas Post. After being held as a prisoner of war at Camp Douglas and Fort Chase in Illinois, Gillespie was exchanged on April 29, 1863. In July he returned to service and was in action with the Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry in Georgia from November 1863 to April 1864. In November 1864 Gillespie and his regiment were ordered to return to Texas, where he stayed near Hempstead until February 1865. In March, Gillespie was ordered to Lubbock, where he remained until the surrender of his unit on April 26, 1865. After receiving his parole, he returned to McLennan County where he worked as a Methodist minister and editor of the Texas Christian Advocate until his death in Austin, Texas, on December 25, 1876.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Confederate States of America Records, 1856–1915, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Aragorn Storm Miller

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Aragorn Storm Miller , "GILLESPIE, CLAYTON CRAWFORD ," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgi59), accessed September 02, 2014. Uploaded on April 5, 2011. Modified on April 19, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.