GRAY, DANIEL (1792–1848). Daniel Gray, early Texas settler and soldier, was born in 1792 in Davidson County, Tennessee. He married Nancy Pewitt on November 13, 1810. During the War of 1812 he served in Col. Pipkin's First Regiment of West Tennessee Militia. In 1830 his and many other families of the Nashville area were recruited as members of Robertson's colony in Texas. The next year, Gray and his wife and seven children joined Sterling C. Robertson and other families on the steamboat Criterion to begin their journey to Texas. Gray settled on Walnut Creek in Bastrop County and also had three town lots in Mina. He was caught in the middle of a lawsuit between Robertson and Stephen F. Austin over the question of ownership of land in the Bastrop area that became known as Austin's Little Colony. Gray and two of his sons, Thomas and Joshua, are found in Austin's Register of Families. In the Texas Revolution, Daniel, Thomas, and Joshua Gray served in Capt. John J. Tumlinson's rangers. During the Runaway Scrape Daniel's family fled to the far side of the Brazos River while Daniel, Thomas, and Joshua acted as scouts for Maj. Robert M. ("Three-Legged Willie") Williamson, commanding officer of the Ranging Corps. On April 7, 1836, Williamson stated in a letter to Gen. Sam Houston that one his spies, Daniel Gray, had just returned and reported being chased by Mexicans. The Grays missed the battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, but were part of the army that followed the retreating Mexican army. Joshua Gray "died in service" on April 27. Thomas Gray left the rangers and escorted his family back to Bastrop County. Daniel Gray joined Col. Edward Burleson's detachment of rangers in June and served till November 20. For their service the Grays received bounty grants: Daniel got 960 acres, Thomas 320 acres, and Joshua (whose land went to Daniel) 1,280 acres plus an augmentation of 640 acres, which suggests that Joshua died of combat wounds. Daniel Gray was a farmer. In 1837, responding to Comanche raids in the area, he served with Capt. Micah Andrews's rangers for twenty-five days on an Indian campaign. Gray was a member and trustee of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He died on June 22, 1848, in Bastrop County. His wife died in 1874 in Lee County. They had eight children who lived to adulthood.
Audited Claims, Texas State Archives, Austin. Bounty Grant Records, Texas General Land Office, Austin. John H. Jenkins, ed., The Papers of the Texas Revolution, 1835–1836 (10 vols., Austin: Presidial Press, 1973). Malcolm D. McLean, comp. and ed., Papers Concerning Robertson's Colony in Texas (19 vols., Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1974–76; Arlington: University of Texas at Arlington Press, 1977–92).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.James D. Gray, "GRAY, DANIEL," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgrba), accessed May 22, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.