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HENRY, J. PATRICK

HENRY, J. PATRICK (1825–1867). J. Patrick Henry was born on October 31, 1825, in Shelby County, Alabama, to Ezekiel and Judith Francis Henry. He was the youngest of ten children and a descendant of founding father Patrick Henry of Virginia. In the late 1830s the Henry family came to Texas and settled in present-day Cherokee County. As an adult, Henry was among the leading citizens of Cherokee County and active in the local Masonic order. On October 31, 1850, Patrick married Amanda J. Muse, the third child of Kindred Henry and Missouri Catherine Finney Tolleson Muse. Amanda J. Muse was born in Kentucky in 1833. Together the couple had five children. By the summer of 1860 J. Patrick Henry owned 445 acres of land valued at $2,225 in Cherokee County, Texas. His livestock holdings included nine horses, two mules, eleven milk cows, two oxen, ten cattle, five sheep, and thirty hogs worth a total value of $1,070. He was an extremely active farmer and produced twenty-seven bushels of wheat, six bushels of rye, 1,200 bushels of corn, and thirteen bushels of ginned cotton with each bushel weighing more than 400 pounds. J. Patrick Henry was also a slaveholder, and in 1860 he owned three adult male slaves aged twenty-seven, twenty-five, and twenty-four.

On April 5, 1862, J. Patrick Henry mustered into service for the Confederacy at the age of thirty-seven. He enlisted at Rusk, Texas, for three years of service and became the commander of Company H of the Twenty-eighth Texas Cavalry under Col. Horace Randal. J. Patrick Henry and the Twenty-eighth Texas Cavalry served in Walker's Texas Division and spent most of the war in Arkansas and Louisiana, taking part in the Red River campaign from March to May 1864. The regiment took part in the battles of Milliken's Bend on June 7, 1863, Harrisonburg on September 4, 1863, Mansfield on April 8, 1864, Pleasant Hill on April 9, 1864, and Jenkins' Ferry on April 30, 1864. The regiment disbanded in May 1865 just before the official surrender of the Trans-Mississippi Department in June of that year. Following the war, J. Patrick Henry served as sheriff for Cherokee County. He died on October 14, 1867, in Cherokee County and was buried at Henry Cemetery, Cherokee County.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, Virginia: Derwent, 1987). Frank W. Johnson, A History of Texas and Texans (5 vols., ed. E. C. Barker and E. W. Winkler [Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1914; rpt. 1916]). Texans in the Civil War: 28th Texas Cavalry Regiment (http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page60.html), accessed March 16, 2011. Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995).

Aragorn Storm Miller

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Aragorn Storm Miller, "HENRY, J. PATRICK," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhe87), accessed July 31, 2014. Uploaded on April 6, 2011. Modified on April 14, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.