HOLLINGSWORTH, ORLANDO NEWTON
HOLLINGSWORTH, ORLANDO NEWTON (1836–?). Orlando Newton Hollingsworth, legislator and education leader, son of Benjamin and Joycie (Jones) Hollingsworth, was born in Calhoun County, Alabama, on April 5, 1836. The family moved to Rusk County, Texas, in December 1845. Hollingsworth attended the University of Virginia from 1859 to 1861. In 1861 he enlisted in Robert H. Cumby's Company B, Third Texas Cavalry, and became company adjutant. After being wounded, Hollingsworth was transferred to the topographical corps. After the war he taught at a private academy in San Antonio until he founded Coronal Institute at San Marcos in 1868. He was admitted to the bar and in 1872 was elected to the Thirteenth legislature. Hollingsworth was elected superintendent of public instruction in December 1873 and took office in January 1874. He served as secretary of the state board of education from 1876 to 1884. In 1880 he established the Texas Journal of Education, which he sold in 1882. After serving as receiving clerk at the General Land Office, he disappeared from public life. Hollingsworth was a Baptist.
Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas (New York: Southern, 1880). Jessie Eula Doherty Ezell, Orlando N. Hollingsworth: A Texas Educator (MS, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Carolyn Hyman, "HOLLINGSWORTH, ORLANDO NEWTON," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fho35), accessed December 11, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.