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LOGAN, GREENBURY

LOGAN, GREENBURY (1799–?). Greenbury (Greenberry) Logan, free black soldier in the Texas Revolution, was born a slave in Kentucky in 1799 and emancipated by his white father, David Logan. He was married to Judah Duncan and had five children when he emigrated from Missouri to Texas in February 1831. In December he received a grant of a quarter league of land on Chocolate Bayou in Austin's third colony, now in Brazoria County, and leased a blacksmith shop on Francis Bingham's plantation. In June 1832 he took part in the battle of Velasco. In 1834 he purchased the freedom of Bingham's slave Caroline and married her.

Logan joined the Texas army on October 7, 1835, and fought in James W. Fannin, Jr.'s company in the battle of Concepción. He was a member of Capt. John Yorkqv's company when he volunteered to join Benjamin R. Milam for the siege of Bexar. Logan was the third man to fall; a wound in his right arm crippled him for life. In 1836, when the First Congress convened in Columbia, he and Caroline bought a house in nearby Brazoria that became a popular boarding place for congressmen.

In 1835 Logan received a bounty warrant for a half section of land for his military service and a donation certificate of one section for participating in the siege of Bexar. In March 1837 he submitted a petition in response to the Constitution of 1836qv, which required all free blacks residing in Texas to receive the consent of Congress to remain in the republic. Twenty-three prominent Texans, including Henry Austin, signed his petition. In 1841 Logan complained to Robert M. Forbes that the Constitution of 1836 deprived him of "every privilege dear to a freeman...no vote or say in any way," and asked that his bounty land be declared tax-exempt by Congress. A bill to do so failed to pass the Congress. In 1853 Logan received patents for his bounty land in Callahan County and his donation grant in Brown County. He died before March 1881, when his widow applied for a land certificate under an act granting land to surviving soldiers of the revolution or their widows.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Thomas L. Miller, Bounty and Donation Land Grants of Texas, 1835–1888 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967). Harold Schoen, "The Free Negro in the Republic of Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 39–41 (April 1936-July 1937). William Physick Zuber Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Nolan Thompson

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Nolan Thompson, "LOGAN, GREENBURY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flo04), accessed August 23, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.