LOCKRIDGE, SAMUEL A.
LOCKRIDGE, SAMUEL A. (1829–1862). Samuel A. Lockridge, businessman, filibuster, and Confederate officer, was born in 1829. In the late 1840s and early 1850s Lockridge was known as William Kissane in and around Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was a partner in the merchant firm of Smith and Kissane. In 1852 Kissane took out an insurance policy on the steamship Martha Washington, as well as its cargo. When the ship, its cargo, and some sixteen people aboard it burned in January of that year, Kissane and several others were charged with conspiracy. After his bail was posted at $10,000, Kissane fled Ohio.
Around 1855 Kissane emerged in Texas as Samuel Lockridge. In 1856 Lockridge played a key role—devoting about $40,000 of his own money, recruiting, and serving as colonel—in William Walker's expedition to Nicaragua. Following the departure of Walker on September 23, 1856, with 200 Texans organized by Lockridge, Lockridge himself left for Nicaragua with 283 "Texas Rangers" in late November. After a series of setbacks in Nicaragua, Lockridge returned to Texas in August 1857 to begin recruiting another body of men for action in Nicaragua. However, Lockridge soon had a disagreement with Walker serious enough for Lockridge to publish a "card" in the Galveston News declaring that he had severed all ties with Walker. Around this time, he was also associated with the Knights of the Golden Circle, a secret Southern society that advocated the extension of Southern institutions into new territory. During the debate in Texas over secession, Lockridge was not a delegate but was still an active participant in the convention, carrying dispatches from President of the Confederate Congress Howell Cobb. Lockridge joined the Fifth Texas Cavalry as major in July 1861. He was killed at the battle of Valverde on February 21, 1862.
Roy Sylvan Dunn, "The KGC in Texas, 1860-1861," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 70 (April 1967). Earl W. Fornell, "Texans and Filibusters in the 1850's," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, 59 (April 1956). 5th Texas Confederate Cavalry Regiment (http://www.bauer.uh.edu/parks/tex/crg005a.html), accessed April 24, 2006. A Report of the Examination of Messrs. Amasa Chapin, Lorenzo Chapin, Lyman Cole, William H. Holland, and William Kissane, (Of. Cincinnati,) charged with a conspiracy to burn the Steamboat Martha Washington on the Mississippi River, in January, 1852, with intent to defraud certain insurance companies, before P. B. Wilcox, Esq., a commissioner of the circuit court of the United States, at Columbus, Ohio, from December 29th, 1852, to January 15th, 1853. (Cincinnati: Cincinnati Gazette Company Print, 1853).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Aragorn Storm Miller, "LOCKRIDGE, SAMUEL A. ," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flo83), accessed May 24, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.