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MAILLARD, NICHOLAS DORAN P.

MAILLARD, NICHOLAS DORAN P. (?–?). Nicholas Maillard, a British lawyer and critic of Texas, left England in November 1839 and arrived in Texas on January 30, 1840. He settled in Richmond, where he acquired a reputation as a mixer of excellent drinks and became coeditor of the Richmond Telescope. In that capacity he assisted with the three numbers published between March 17 and April 4, 1840, and contributed a poem, "What Can Man Do More?" On April 9 he was admitted to the bar by the Fort Bend County district court. When not engaged in writing, he was often in the company of James Riddell, a gunsmith and cutler whom he had previously known. Riddell stated that Maillard was writing a novel, but Maillard himself maintained that he was making notes on the law. In May and June 1840 he made several trips to Houston and one to Austin. In July he stated that the death of a relative in London required his presence there, and after a dinner given by the bar association he left. Shortly thereafter Riddell also left Richmond. Maillard arrived in England about August 15, 1840, and immediately began writing letters to the press and to British officials condemning Texas.

In 1842 he published a book, The History of the Republic of Texas, from the Discovery of the Country to the Present Time and the Cause of Her Separation from the Republic of Mexico. John H. Jenkins asserted that the book was "the most vitriolic denunciation of the Republic of Texas, written with absolutely no regard for the truth." Cadwell Walton Raines dismissed it as "a tissue of misstatements and contradictions too glaring to need correction." Maillard professed the objective of the work to be a true description of the Texas Revolution and of the aggressive and treasonable policy pursued by Texans toward Mexico. He described Texas as a country "stained with the crime of Negro slavery and Indian massacre." Maillard offered the book as a reaction to William Kennedyqv's Texas: The Rise, Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas (1841), a pro-Texas work then popular in Great Britain. The Texans were, Maillard claimed, "a people whose existence as an independent nation is owing, first, to their own base treason, and secondly, to a political juggle of Andrew Jackson." Texas, he continued, was "filled with habitual liars, drunkards, blasphemers, and slanderers; sanguinary gamesters and cold-blooded assassins; with idleness and sluggish indolence (two vices for which the Texans are already proverbial); with pride, engendered by ignorance and supported by fraud." He warned against the recognition of Texas by Great Britain and against emigration of Britishers to the wretched, sickly place. For the most part full of errors and bias, the book, nevertheless, contained an excellent account of the Indians. Ashbel Smith, chargé d'affaires to Great Britain, stated that the book failed to "produce the slightest effect" upon the British recognition of Texas independence, which was accomplished on June 28, 1842. During a discussion of the Texas Land and Emigration Company at a meeting of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, Maillard stated that the colonization of Texas "on anti-slavery principles was impractical."

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Annie Heloise Abel and Frank Klingberg, eds., A Sidelight on Anglo-American Relations, 1839–1858 (Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Lancaster Press, 1927). Diplomatic Correspondence of the Republic of Texas, ed. George Pierce Garrison (3 parts, Washington: GPO, 1908–11). John H. Jenkins, Basic Texas Books: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works for a Research Library (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1983; rpt. 1988). Clarence Wharton, Wharton's History of Fort Bend County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1939).

Andrew Forest Muir

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Andrew Forest Muir, "MAILLARD, NICHOLAS DORAN P.," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fma17), accessed December 28, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.