MCCULLOCH, WILLIAM H.
MCCULLOCH, WILLIAM H. (1819–ca. 1854). William H. McCulloch, stage line owner, was born on November 6, 1819, in Montgomery County, Alabama, and was the fourth child of William G. and Margery (Lee) McCulloch. McCulloch had arrived in Texas before 1842 and applied for a 320-acre headright as a single man, which he received on March 4, 1846, but sold on March 31, 1846.
His first wife was Sarah Ann Whitesides, whose family was part of Stephen F. Austin’s colony. William and Sarah Ann McCulloch settled in Grimes County on 300 acres. They had one daughter. McCulloch became a partner with his brother-in-law, John S. Harrison (who had married his sister Martha Jane McCulloch in 1847), in the Harrison & McCulloch Stage Lines, and, probably in 1848, the McCullochs moved to Victoria, where Harrison operated the Victoria Hotel. Harrison & McCulloch advertised a newly-established stage line from Indian Point to Victoria in November 1848. McCulloch purchased a town lot in Victoria in January 1849.
William H. McCulloch appeared in the 1850 Victoria County census records as a thirty-year-old farmer born in Alabama. He was listed in the 1850 Victoria County Assessment (tax records) as a “waggoner” owning one slave worth $300 and four horses. McCulloch is also listed as being an original land grant recipient in Atascosa County and as receiving land in McMullen County.
McCulloch ran the following advertisement announcing a new stage line in Victoria’s Texian Advocate on January 11, 1850:
Wm. H. McCulloch informs the public that he has commenced running a good four-horse stage between Indianola and Victoria, for the accommodation of the traveling community. His stage is strong and comfortable and being well covered, passengers will be securely protected from rain and cold. He will leave Indianola immediately after the arrival of the steamer and arrive at Victoria in time to connect with the stage for San Antonio. Returning will leave Victoria after the arrival of the stage from San Antonio. A liberal share of the traveling custom is respectfully solicited.
By 1851 Harrison & McCulloch had added a postal route (Route 6285) in New Braunfels; the United States Post Office had awarded them the contract for Route 6285 on May 11, 1850. Their enterprise ran a total of three routes—6285, 6154, and 6155—from Austin through San Antonio to Port Lavaca and back up through Victoria to Gonzales to New Braunfels. McCulloch had moved to San Antonio by 1851. His second wife was Laura Morris, whom he married in nearby Comal County on February 15, 1851, after the death of his first wife and daughter. He died about 1854. The circumstances and exact date of his death are not known.
The Harrison & McCulloch Stage Stop which sits on the access road along Interstate 35 at Evans Road in Selma, Texas, northeast of San Antonio, was declared a State Archeological Landmark by the Texas Historical Commission in October 2000.
Bexar County Deed of Records, Bexar County Clerk’s Office, San Antonio. Viktor F. Bracht, Texas im Jahre 1848 (Iserlohn, Westphalia: J. Bädeker, 1849; trans. C. F. Schmidt, San Antonio: Naylor, 1931). Brownson Malsch, Indianola: The Mother of Western Texas (Abilene: State House Press, 1988). J. Kevin McCulloch, “William H. McCulloch” (http://texas.i-found-it.net/williamhmcculloch.html), accessed July 10, 2012. Registers of Star Route Contracts, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Texian Advocate (Victoria), January 11, 1850. Robert H. Thonhoff, San Antonio Stage Lines, 1847–1881 (El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1971).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Jean M. Heide, "MCCULLOCH, WILLIAM H. ," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmcbu), accessed June 19, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.