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MORGAN, GEORGE WASHINGTON

MORGAN, GEORGE WASHINGTON (1820–1893). George Washington Morgan, soldier and lawyer, son of Thomas and Katherine (Duane) Morgan, was born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, on September 20, 1820. In 1836 he left Washington College to join a company of volunteers raised by his brother, Thomas Jefferson Morgan, to aid the Texas Revolution. He arrived in Texas in November 1836 and was commissioned lieutenant and then captain in the Texas army; he was given command of the post at Galveston. He served with Captain Robertson's rangers and Company B of the First Regiment of Texas Rangersqv. He returned to Pennsylvania in 1839, attended the United States Military Academy in 1841–42, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and became prosecuting attorney for Knox County. During the Mexican War he was colonel of the Second Regiment of Ohio Volunteers. He became colonel of the Fifteenth United States Infantry in March 1847 and was promoted to brigadier general in 1848. From 1848 to 1855 he practiced law at Mount Vernon, Ohio. He married Sarah H. Hall of Zanesville, Ohio, on October 7, 1851, and they had two children.

Morgan served as United States consul at Marseilles in 1856 and as minister at Lisbon in 1858. He returned to become a brigadier general in the United States Army during the Civil War, in which he began active duty under Gen. Don Carlos Buell. He commanded the Seventh Division of the Army of the Ohio, which drove the Confederates from the Cumberland Gap in June 1862 and subsequently retreated toward the Ohio, harassed by attacks from Col. John H. Morgan's guerillas. In November he was with Maj. Gen. Jacob D. Cox in the valley of the Kanawha. William T. Sherman was dissatisfied with his performance as commander of the Third Division, Thirteenth Army Corps, at the battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, when he failed to carry out orders for a planned attack. He was afterward assigned to command the Thirteenth Army Corps at the capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas. He resigned in June 1863 because of illness and dissatisfaction with the use of black troops.

Morgan represented Ohio from 1867 to 1873 in the House of the United States Congress, where he opposed the harsh measures of Reconstruction and served on committees on military affairs, foreign affairs, and Reconstruction. He was a delegate to the national Democratic convention in 1876. He died at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, on July 26, 1893, and was buried at Mount Vernon, Ohio.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Samuel E. Asbury, ed., "Extracts from the Reminiscences of General George W. Morgan," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 30 (January 1927). Mark Mayo Boatner, Civil War Dictionary (New York: David McKay, 1959). Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Dictionary of American Biography. National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 4.

Jeanette H. Flachmeier

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Jeanette H. Flachmeier, "MORGAN, GEORGE WASHINGTON," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmo49), accessed December 18, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.