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NEWLAND, HARDIN S.

NEWLAND, HARDIN S. (1817–1880). Hardin S. Newland was born in Tennessee on January 15, 1827. He was the son of Thomas P. and Tuleline Newland. Thomas and Tuleline had five children, of which Hardin was the second eldest. After moving to Texas in 1853, Hardin married Richana Archanina Jones on December 28, 1857, in Nacogdoches. They had four children. Hardin served as the deputy clerk of the district court of Nacogdoches County from 1854 to 1857. Hardin then served as the deputy sheriff of Nacogdoches County from 1858 to 1859 and as clerk of the district court of Cherokee County from 1859 to 1862.

Hardin joined the Confederate Army in March 1862 as an officer on Gen. Joseph L. Hogg's staff. He served in Edmund Kirby Smith's campaign in Tennessee and Kentucky and as quartermaster of John Pelham Border's Battalion, Thomas Scott Anderson's Regiment Texas Cavalry, in 1864. On August 29, 1864, Border's Battalion left Camp Ford for Camp Groce near Hempstead and later traveled to Velasco, Galveston, and Houston, where Newland surrendered in 1865.

Newland, originally a Whig, later affiliated with the Democratic Party. While living in Bryan, Texas, he founded the Rusk Observer and worked to promote the Democratic Party in 1866. On December 18, 1875, Newland was nominated, by the Democrats of the Twenty-Eighth District of Brazos County, to serve in the Fifteenth Legislature. Captain Newland apparently withdrew his own name from the ballot. A. McMordie was nominated as a replacement for Newland, but public dissatisfaction was expressed regarding his nomination.

Information is scarce but Newland must have been re-nominated because in the February 1876 election, sources show that H. S. Newland was elected as the Representative for Twenty-Eighth District over McMordie. The Fifteenth Legislature held its regular session from April 18 to August 21, 1876, under Governor Richard Coke and Speaker Thomas R. Bonner.qqv The legislators had to adjust statute laws to fit the new constitution, remodel the criminal system, revise the penitentiary system, reorganize the civil jurisdiction and procedures, and reconstruct the revenue system.

Later in his life, Hardin worked as a lawyer in Brazos County, until he died on September 5, 1880. He was buried in Bryan Cemetery in Bryan, Texas.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Charles E. Spellman, ed., Texas House of Representatives: A Pictorial Roster 1846–1992 (Austin: Texas House of Representatives, 1992). Ogreta W. Huttash, Civil War Records of Cherokee County, Texas: Vol. I (Jacksonville, Texas: 1982). Bill Page, comp., "Brazos County Political Notes from Texas Newspapers, 1839–1889" (http://www.brazosgenealogy.org/resource.asp), accessed October 12, 2006.

Patricia Holm

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Patricia Holm, "NEWLAND, HARDIN S.," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fne50), accessed April 25, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.