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POLK, JOHN (1782–1866). John Polk, also known as “Jackey,” businessman and state representative, was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, in 1782. He was the son of Charles and Margaret (Baxter) Polk. He was raised in North Carolina and, upon reaching adulthood, established himself as a landowner and owner and operator of a cotton gin. About 1814 Polk married Elizabeth Allen. After relocating to Bolivar, Shelby County, Tennessee, this couple had two sons and five daughters. In 1839 Polk immigrated with his family to Texas and settled in San Augustine County. Here, he maintained an active role in community affairs and served as representative for San Augustine County in the House of the Third Texas Legislature from November 5, 1849, to November 3, 1851. In the 1850s Polk and his wife moved to Nacogdoches County. Polk died on July 7, 1866, and was buried at Linn Flat Cemetery in Nacogdoches County.


Legislative Reference Library of Texas: John Polk (, accessed May 14, 2014. Nacogdoches County Genealogical Society, Nacogdoches County Families (Dallas: Curtis, 1985).

Aragorn Storm Miller
Aragorn Storm Miller


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Aragorn Storm Miller, "POLK, JOHN," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed July 26, 2014. Uploaded on May 14, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.