SAUER, EMIL (1881–1949). Emil Sauer, diplomat and author, son of Johann Friedrich and Christine (Strackbein) Sauer, was born on his family's farm near Stonewall, Texas, on June 10, 1881. He attended school at Stonewall until the age of thirteen, when he was sent to Fredericksburg for confirmation instruction at Zion Lutheran School. In Fredericksburg he attended a public school taught by J. F. Roege; when Roege taught in Gold in 1896, Sauer followed him there. In 1897 Sauer received a four-year state teacher's certificate and began teaching at the Meusebach Creek school. He entered the University of Texas in 1899 and graduated in 1903 with a bachelor of literature degree; he also played on the UT football team. He was principal of the school at Selma, north of San Antonio, in 1903 and 1904 and public school superintendent in Fredericksburg from 1905 to 1907, when he entered Harvard University. He earned an M.A. degree at Harvard in 1908 and continued his postgraduate studies there in economics, history, and politics until 1910. He was appointed a special agent for the United States Census Bureau in Washington, D.C., that year and subsequently became an examiner for the United States tariff board.
When the consular service was placed on a merit basis, Sauer passed the Civil Service examination, and in 1911 he was appointed to his first consular post in Baghdad, Ottoman Empire, where he became a personal friend of Ahmed Djemal Pasha. Sauer then embarked upon a diplomatic career that over the next three decades took him to Göteborg, Sweden; Cologne, Germany; Maracaibo, Venezuela, where he met his future wife, Victoria Vale; Copenhagen, Denmark; Cologne again, where he was awarded the Red Cross medal with laurel leaf for his work on behalf of wounded French soldiers during World War I; Sherbrooke, Quebec; Toronto, Ontario, where he was promoted to consul general; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and Frankfurt, Germany.
Sauer and Victoria were married on May 31, 1919, in Maracaibo; they had two daughters. Sauer could read German, Swedish, Spanish, and French, and wrote several books on Canadian finances, including CanadianLoan Corporations (1929), Canadian Trust Corporations (1929), and Recent Trends in Canadian Foreign Exchange (1932), for the United States Department of Commerce. He retired from the consular service on July 1, 1941, and lived in Chevy Chase, Maryland, until his death on September 24, 1949. He was buried in Fort Lincoln Cemetery in Washington, D.C.
Gillespie County Historical Society, Pioneers in God's Hills (2 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1960, 1974).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Martin Donell Kohout, "SAUER, EMIL," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsa35), accessed December 13, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.