SCALLORN, STEPHEN (1787–1887). Stephen Scallorn, early Fayette County settler, the sixth of nine children of John and Joda Scallorn, was born in St. Mary's County, Maryland, on February 23, 1787. He married Polly McClure in 1810 and settled in Haywood County, Tennessee, where he practiced medicine. The couple joined the Baptist Church, and Scallorn soon became a deacon of the nearby Primitive Baptist congregation. Scallorn's oldest son, John Wesley, moved to Texas in 1835 and fought with the Texas army at San Jacinto. His enthusiasm for Texas brought his father, his brother William, and their families. The Scallorn group left Tennessee in the fall of 1837 and settled near La Grange,, Fayette County, in early 1838. Stephen was fifty-one years old; his brother was forty-two. With Asiel Dancer and prominent traveling missionary Z. N. Morrell, Stephen and William helped organize the Hopewell Baptist Church in April 1839. This church has since been recognized as the first Baptist church founded west of the Colorado River, and the first in Texas to ordain a pastor and administer baptism. However, the church was later dissolved due to a bitter doctrinal disagreement between the two brothers that lasted forty-four years. Stephen and Polly had a family of eleven children. After her death in 1833, Stephen married Martha Bullock, and they had three more children. Two of Stephen's sons, John Wesley and Elam, were members of Capt. Nicholas M. Dawson's reinforcement company at the battle of Salado Creek; they were killed in this action against Mexican forces in September 1842. Scallorn eventually retired from practicing medicine in favor of farming and lived on land grants from the Republic of Texas and Fayette County. He also organized a new Baptist church in the Mulberry Creek area of Fayette County. At age ninety-eight, he organized another church near Upton in Bastrop County. He and William formally reconciled their doctrinal disagreements on February 23, 1887, Stephen's 100th birthday. The brothers died eight days apart only a few months later, Stephen on Christmas Eve 1887 near Upton, Texas, and William on New Year's Day 1888, near West Point, Texas.
James Milton Carroll, A History of Texas Baptists (Dallas: Baptist Standard, 1923). Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Founders and Patriots of the Republic of Texas (Austin, 1963-). L. A. Duewall, The Story of Monument Hill (La Grange, Texas: La Grange Journal, 1955). J. S. Newman, History of the Primitive Baptists of Oklahoma, Texas, and Indian Territory (Tioga, Texas: Baptist Trumpet, 1906). Leonie Rummel Weyand and Houston Wade, An Early History of Fayette County (La Grange, Texas: La Grange Journal, 1936).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Richard A. Wells, "SCALLORN, STEPHEN," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsc71), accessed December 11, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.