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STOUDENMIRE, DALLAS

STOUDENMIRE, DALLAS (1845–1882). Dallas Stoudenmire, gunfighter-cum-lawman, was born on December 11, 1845, in Aberfoil, Macon County, Alabama, to Lewis and Elizabeth Stoudenmire. In 1862 he enlisted in the Confederate Army. He arrived in Columbus, Texas, about 1867 and reputedly killed several men. For a while in January 1874 he was a second sergeant in J. R. Waller's Company A of the Texas Rangersqv. He then lived briefly in the Panhandle before serving a stint as marshal of Socorro, New Mexico. Stoudenmire reached El Paso in early April 1881 and was appointed town marshal on the eleventh. Three days later he engaged in the incredible "Four Dead in Five Seconds" gunfight in downtown El Paso. Rancher John Hale had killed Constable Gus Krempkau, so Stoudenmire reacted by killing Hale, plus an innocent bystander, plus former city marshal George Campbell. On April 17 former city marshal Bill Johnson attempted to assassinate Stoudenmire and was himself shot dead on the city streets. Stoudenmire returned to Columbus in February 1882 to marry Isabella Sherrington, but was soon back in El Paso. He began feuding with the Texas Rangers, the local politicians, and the press. He especially hated the Manning brothers, George Felix (Doc), Frank, and James, the owners of two saloons. James Manning had recently killed Samuel Cummings, Stoudenmire's brother-in-law. The Stoudenmire-Manning feud ran so deep that local residents prevailed upon both factions to sign a peace treaty that was duly published in the El Paso Herald. In mid-1882, after resigning, Stoudenmire accepted a position as United States deputy marshal. On September 18, 1882, James and Doc Manning killed him in El Paso. The Mannings were acquitted of murder charges, and Stoudenmire's body was shipped to Columbus, Texas, for burial in nearby Alleyton.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Fred R. Egloff, El Paso Lawman: G. W. Campbell (College Station, Texas: Creative Publishing, 1982). Leon C. Metz, Dallas Stoudenmire (Austin: Pemberton Press, 1969; rpt., Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979). C. L. Sonnichsen, Pass of the North: Four Centuries on the Rio Grande (2 vols., El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1968, 1980).

Leon C. Metz

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Leon C. Metz, "STOUDENMIRE, DALLAS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fstaw), accessed July 29, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.