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USHER, PATRICK

USHER, PATRICK (1801–1843). Patrick Usher, jurist and soldier, was born in 1801 in Ireland. He immigrated to Texas from Hanover County, North Carolina, in May 1835 and joined the Texas army at Gonzales on April 16, 1836. After some service guarding the Brazos River crossings under Capt. William Walker, he served as a private in Capt. Moseley Baker's Company D of Col. Edward Burleson's First Regiment, Texas Volunteers, at the battle of San Jacinto. He was discharged on May 29, reenlisted in Capt. George Sutherland's company on July 2, 1836, and was elected first sergeant. Usher was at the same time acting judge of the Municipality of Jackson and was released from active duty to return to the bench. On December 20, 1836, Sam Houston appointed him chief justice of Jackson County; he served in that capacity until he resigned on March 14, 1839. He was concurrently serving as president of the Jackson County board of land commissioners. Usher was elected to represent Jackson County in the House of Representatives of the Fifth and Sixth congresses of the Republic of Texas, 1840 through 1842. On March 6, 1842, in response to Rafael Vásquez's raid on San Antonio, Usher was elected first lieutenant in Capt. John Sutherland Menefee's company in Col. Clark L. Owen's volunteer regiment. He was discharged on June 6 but reenlisted on October 19 as a private in Owen's Company I of Col. James R. Cooke's First Regiment, Army of the South West, for the Somervell expedition. When Brig. Gen. Alexander Somervell ordered the expedition to disband, Usher remained with the volunteers who chose to stay on the Rio Grande under the command of Col. William S. Fisher, and when the army reorganized he was assigned to Capt. Ewen Cameron's Company A, on October 17, 1842. He took part in the battle of Mier, drew a white bean in the notorious Black Bean Episode, and in 1843 at Perote Prison was elected president of the prisoners' Fourth of July celebration. On August 23, 1843, in the words of fellow prisoner Thomas Jefferson Green, Usher died from "suffering and starvation." He never married and had no relatives in Texas.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). James Day, ed., "Israel Canfield in the Mier Expedition," Texas Military History 3 (Fall 1963). Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). Michael R. Green, comp. and ed., Calendar of the Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (Austin: Texas State Library, 1982). Joseph Milton Nance, Attack and Counterattack: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1842 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964). Joseph Milton Nance, ed., Mier Expedition Diary: A Texas Prisoner's Account by Joseph D. McCutchan (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).

Thomas W. Cutrer

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Thomas W. Cutrer, "USHER, PATRICK," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fus01), accessed October 01, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.