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EDGEWOOD, TX

EDGEWOOD, TEXAS. Edgewood, on Farm roads 859 and 1504 and U.S. Highway 80 ten miles northwest of Canton in north central Van Zandt County, grew in three phases reflected in the community's three cemeteries. From 1840 to the 1870s settlers from eastern states founded a community two miles southeast of Edgewood close to the Dallas-Shreveport road and established the first cemetery. Barren Ridge, as this place was called, was the site of a post office opened in 1850. A second phase and second cemetery date roughly from 1870 to 1890; the railroad arrived, and in 1877 a county-seat war between Canton and Wills Point led to a decision to establish a new shipping point at Edgewood. District judge-elect John C. Robertson and his partner William S. Herndonqqv gave land for a railroad depot on the Texas and Pacific Railway. A sectionhouse and a freight and passenger depot were built at the edge of a wood and named Stevenson Switch. A town plat was filed on November 30, 1875; in 1877 a post office was established. Herndon employed John P. Groome to lay track from Canton to the new depot, and a dirt road was authorized. Before 1879 the Methodist minister from Canton held a meeting for the railroad men at Edgewood, thus assembling the first church congregation in town; a land grant on April 19, 1879, was obtained for a church that was built that year. By 1881 the Baxter House Hotel and a blacksmith shop were in operation in Edgewood, and the community was a stop on the Texas and Pacific. A third phase of development, reflected in Oak Hill Cemetery, is associated with the arrival of more settlers in 1890 and the start of many new businesses. Shortly after 1893 the original church was torn down and a second church was constructed east of Oak Hill Cemetery. A third, built in 1896, was sold to a black congregation. Northside Cemetery grew on land donated by John C. Robertson in 1896, but the deed was lost and burials declined. By 1890 Edgewood had a population of 650, a steam gristmill and gin, a church, a school, two general stores, and a hotel. The population reached 500 in 1914. The town had two banks, two cotton gins, a newspaper, a lumberyard, and an express office by 1919. In 1929 the population was 1,000; in 1931 it was 76l. In 1988 Edgewood had twenty-two businesses. In 1990 the population was 1,284 and in 2000 it was 1,348.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Wentworth Manning, Some History of Van Zandt County (Des Moines, Iowa: Homestead, 1919; rpt., Winston-Salem, North Carolina: Hunter, 1977). Van Zandt County History Book Committee, History of Van Zandt County (Dallas, 1984).

Diana J. Kleiner

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Diana J. Kleiner, "EDGEWOOD, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hje06), accessed July 22, 2014. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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