PALMER, TEXAS. Palmer is on Interstate Highway 45 and U.S. Highway 75, twelve miles northeast of Waxahachie in northeastern Ellis County. It was settled after the arrival of the Houston and Texas Central Railway in 1872 and was named for D. S. Palmer, a Houston physician and stockholder of the railroad company. The community quickly became a shipping point for area cotton and grain farmers. In 1874 a post office branch opened at the community. By 1885 the town had 250 residents and twenty-eight businesses, including a hotel, a bank, a school, and two steam gristmills and cotton gins. Before the construction of separate churches, the town's four major religious denominations, the Methodists, Baptists, Disciples of Christ, and Cumberland Presbyterians, all worshipped in the Cumberland Presbyterian church. In 1890 Palmer was incorporated. By 1896 it had a weekly paper, the Palmer Times. In 1902 the Palmer Press Brick Company (later the Barron Brick Company) built a plant in the town. On the eve of World War I Palmer had 750 residents, four churches, two banks, a weekly newspaper (the Palmer Rustler), and more than forty other businesses. Its population was 758 in the early 1930s and 601 in the mid-1970s. By 1988 Palmer had 1,505 residents and fourteen businesses. In 1990 its population was 1,659. By 2000 the population was 1,774.
Edna Davis Hawkins, et al., History of Ellis County, Texas (Waco: Texian, 1972). Memorial and Biographical History of Ellis County (Chicago: Lewis, 1892; rpt., as Ellis County History, Fort Worth: Historical Publishers, 1972). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.David Minor, "PALMER, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hjp02), accessed May 11, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.