CAVINESS, TEXAS. Caviness is on Farm Road 1499 eight miles from Paris in north central Lamar County. A post office operated there from 1895 until sometime after 1930. The post office was originally to be named Sidney, after early settler Sidney Caviness, but to avoid duplicating another office's name, Caviness was substituted. In 1896 the settlement's population was recorded as fifteen. By 1914 the number of residents had risen to forty, and the community had a cotton gin and two general stores. In the 1930s the town had a population of fifty, a school, a church, a cemetery, a factory, at least one other business, and scattered dwellings on a graded and drained metal surface road. In 1990 Caviness had a population of eighty and a town hall. The population remained the same in 2000.