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REDLANDS, TX

REDLANDS, TEXAS. Redlands (Redland), also known as Weimer (Weimar) and Macedonia, was a sawmill community in southeast Wood County twelve miles southeast of Quitman, the county seat, at the intersection of Farm roads 778 and 3056. Redlands was within the old Martin Varner land grant, which was said to be the site of the earliest white settlement in Wood County. The area was probably inhabited earlier still, as in the 1890s Indian artifacts were frequently found in the fields. In 1841 the Varner family moved to the area that was to become Redlands; three years later Varner was killed by Simón Gonzales, the holder of a nearby land grant. By 1866 the site had a settlement called Weimer (or Weimar), which had a post office from 1866 to 1867 and again briefly in 1871. It was reportedly named by John Reich, its first and only postmaster, after his native Weimar, Germany. Around 1870 a one-room frame building located near the Gentry Cemetery just to the southeast of the community served as both a church and a school. By 1880 the community was established; at its height it had at least one store, cotton gins, and syrup and grist mills. It was located in a sawmill area, and early resident sawmill operator R. B. Kuteman reportedly became the county's first millionaire through his sawmill and land-buying operations.

By 1885 a school called Macedonia had been built about a mile northwest of the 1870 building, which had been destroyed by fire. In 1896 the Macedonia school was serving seventy-six white and seventy-nine black students. From 1899 until 1907 the community had a post office named Redland. In 1932 the Macedonia school district's five teachers taught 134 white students in ten grades; no record exists that any black students attended school in the district at that time. Redland had twenty-five residents and two businesses in 1933. The Macedonia school was consolidated with the Hawkins district in 1944. By 1947 Redland had a population of fifty and two businesses. In 1960 the community's cemetery was called Redlands, one dwelling remained in the vicinity, and a quarry was located just south of the townsite. During the 1960s a state historical marker was erected at the Macedonia school site. The Wood County Historical Society also placed a historical marker near the site of the Varner homestead and cemetery, thought to be the first cemetery in Wood County. In 1988 the Redlands cemetery and a camp or lodge remained in the area, and the Macedonia church still stood about a mile to the east.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

W. Cleo Irons, The Reorganization of the Public Schools of Wood County, Texas (M.Ed. thesis, University of Texas, 1935). Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin. Wood County, 1850–1900 (Quitman, Texas: Wood County Historical Society, 1976).

Rachel Jenkins

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Rachel Jenkins, "REDLANDS, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/htr05), accessed July 29, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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