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BUCKSNORT, TX

BUCKSNORT, TEXAS. Bucksnort, originally Jarrett Menefee's Supply Station, was located on a 320-acre prairie owned by Thomas J. Chambersqv in what is now east central Falls County. The settlement, about five miles northeast of the falls on the Brazos River below the rebuilt Fort Milam, which provided protection for the settlers, was bounded on the west by a bayou that flowed into Musselrun Creek and on to the Brazos River. When John and Mary Menefee Marlin and James and Nancy Taylor Marlin returned with their families to their land near the Falls of the Brazos in 1837 after the Runaway Scrape, they found some of their Menefee relatives at the Angelina River. The families of the brothers Laban and Jarrett Menefee accompanied the Marlins and others to the east side of the river, where they formed a little settlement, later called Bucksnort. John Marlin's fort-like home lay three miles south and Dr. Allensworth Adams's home a mile directly north. Supplies were freighted from lower settlements, and the community grew until it had enough children to form a school.

The name Bucksnort, said to have been suggested by an inebriated customer of the saloon, was first recorded in 1844 by William Howe of Ellis County: "Bucksnort is the only supply station between Nashville and Dallas where a man can go to buy food and supplies." When Robertson County was organized in 1838, elections ordered by the county court were held at or near Jarrett Menefee's place. In January 1842 Menefee was one of three men appointed by the Robertson County Commissioners Court to consider a road from Franklin to a place near the falls, or to Menefee's place, and in October of that year five men were ordered to study the route and lay out the road. In 1843 Capt. J. B. Smith recruited a company of eighty men from the surrounding country who eventually joined John Coffee Hays's Texas Rangersqv and served in the Mexican War.

Movement to the area was steady in the 1840s, and the settlement grew until it had a school, a general store, a blacksmith shop, a saloon, a racetrack with a stable, and a stagecoach stop that served as a post office. On February 8, 1845, Jarrett Menefee purchased the 320-acre tract he had improved as overseer for Chambers. When Menefee died sometime before 1849, his heirs sold the property to J. E. Francks, who in turn sold it to three prominent brothers, David G., John, and James B. Barton. The three men operated the Barton Ranch on the property until their deaths. In 1846, when Limestone County was marked off from Robertson County, Bucksnort became part of Precinct 2 of Limestone County. Four years later, the site became part of Falls County. The name of the settlement was first officially recognized when the Robertson County Commissioners Court ordered an election to be held at the usual place in Bucksnort at the time of annexation to the United States. Bucksnort residents, however, had already begun to scatter to other communities as the area became safer, and more settlers left as new lands were made available. The community became extinct by about 1852.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Dallas Morning News, March 21, 1971. James T. DeShields, Border Wars of Texas, ed. Matt Bradley (Tioga, Texas, 1912; rpt., Waco: Texian Press, 1976). A Memorial and Biographical History of McLennan, Falls, Bell, and Coryell Counties (Chicago: Lewis, 1893; rpt., St. Louis: Ingmire, 1984). Mildred Cariker Pinkston, People, Places, Happenings: Shelby County (Center, Texas: Pinkston, 1985). Lillian S. St. Romain, Western Falls County, Texas (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1951).

Marian Garrett Gibbs

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Marian Garrett Gibbs, "BUCKSNORT, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hvbbs), accessed September 16, 2014. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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